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Gemot Wersig

Gemot Wersig & Ulrich Neveling in "The phenomena of interest to information science, a search for identify" (1974) identified the structural approach (matter-oriented), the knowledge approach and the message approach to information. The matter-oriented approach, usually leading to something that may be called Structure-definition, states that the structures of the world which may be perceived or not are 'information'. The Knowledge approach states that the knowledge built up on the basis of perception of the structure of the world is 'information'. The message approach states that 'information' is often equated with 'message' (as the information content is measured by the message).