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Carol Collier Kuhlthau

Carol Collier Kuhlthau (December 2, 1937 - ) is a retired American educator, researcher, and international speaker on learning in school libraries, information literacy, and information seeking behavior. The information search process (ISP) was first suggested by Carol Kuhlthau in 1991. ISP is a six-stage process of information seeking behavior in library and information science consisting of Initiation, Selection, Exploration, Formulation, Collection and Search closure.
Popular Works of Carol Collier Kuhlthau includes - Guided Inquiry Design: A Framework for Inquiry in Your School (2012) with Leslie Maniotes and Ann Caspari; Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century (2007) with Leslie Maniotes and Ann Caspari; Seeking Meaning: A Process Approach to Library and Information Services (2004).